Glossary

Associate in Arts (A.A.) Degree – A 60 credit hour college- level program designed for students who plan to transfer to a college or university to earn a bachelor’s degree. A Florida A.A. degree satisfies general education requirements at all state universities in Florida.

Associate in Applied Sciences (A.A.S.) Degree – Career path degree programs designed to prepare students for immediate employment in a specific field. These programs include greater scope and depth than certificate programs.

Associate in Science (A.S.) Degree – Career path degree programs designed to prepare students for immediate employment in a specific field. Articulated A.S. to B.S., or B.A.S. degree programs are designed to transfer to a Florida public university as a junior to complete a bachelor’s degree in that specified field.

Accreditation – Certification that the College or program has met established standards of excellence and is recognized by appropriate accrediting agencies.

Add/Drop – A designated time period during which students can make adjustments to their schedules without penalty or cost.

Advanced Placement (AP) – College credits awarded based on scores earned on subject–matter tests administered by the College Entrance Examination Board prior to enrollment at LSSC.

Appeal – A formal written request for reconsideration of an application of a college rule or procedure due to serious documented circumstances beyond the student’s control.

Articulation Agreement – A written agreement between institutions that provides students with a non-duplicated sequence of courses leading to a degree or certificate.

Articulation Agreement for the A.A. Degree – Agreements between Florida College System institutions and universities assuring junior-level status to students who complete the FCS General Education core and all graduation requirements in university parallel (A.A. degree) programs.

Attempt – Any course attempt in which a student registers and receives a grade including withdrawals.

Bachelor of Applied Science (B.A.S.) – A four-year degree designed to accommodate the unique demands for entry and advancement within specific workforce sectors.

Bachelor of Science (B.S.) – A four-year degree that prepares a student to enter an advanced position within a specialized career field. 

Banner – LSSC’s computer information system that manages all student, financial aid, financial, and personnel data for the College. Students access their information within this system through LOIS.

Canvas – LSSC’s learning management system which offers tools to facilitate computer-accessed learning including student-instructor and student-student interaction, and assessment activities.

Career Education Programs – Degree and certificate programs offering courses designed to prepare students for specialized occupations. At LSSC, these include the A.A.S. and A.S. degrees, and technical certificate programs.

Career Pathways – High School career-technical certificate programs that allow students to earn college credits based on their high school curriculum and academic performance.

Catalog – An online resource detailing academic policies and procedures, college and degree requirements, and course descriptions. It is published yearly and is subject to change.

College Credit Certificate Program – Career programs of shorter duration and less scope and depth than degree programs; designed to prepare students with skills needed for the workforce.

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) – General and subject exams, offered nationally by the College Board, covering material taught in college level courses. Credit for courses may be granted to students who achieve specific scores on the CLEP exams.

Common Program Prerequisites – The State of Florida has identified common program prerequisites for all university programs. These prerequisites must be completed by all students going into that field of study, must be accepted by all state universities, and must be applied toward the degree.

Compressed – A course where content is delivered in a shorter and more intensive format allowing for sequential courses to be offered in the same semester.

Conferral Date – The last day of the semester in which a student satisfactorily completes all degree or certificate requirements. This date is posted on the student’s official college transcript.

Contextualized – A course format that includes significant references to real world events and practices.

Continuous Enrollment –  Enrollment in at least one of the three regular semesters (fall, spring, summer) each year.

Cooperative Education (Co-op) – Courses in which students gain academic credit as well as work experience related to their academic program.

Co-requisite – A course required to be taken during the same semester as another course.

Course Load – The number of credit hours in which a student is enrolled during a semester or term. A full-time course load is 12 or more credit hours; part-time is between 1-11 credit hours.

Course Reference Number (CRN) – The unique five-digit identifier for a specific section of a course; used for registration in LOIS.

Credit by Examination – College credit for specific courses granted by successful completion of local or national exams.

Credit Hour or Semester Hour – Synonymous terms generally indicating the number of hours a course meet per week. Most lecture courses are three credit hours and generally meet three hours each week. Laboratories usually generally meet more than the number of credit hours assigned.

Degree Audit – A report that identifies the student’s primary program of study, lists the program requirements and summarizes the progress toward completion of a specific degree or certificate.

Degree-Seeking Student – A student who has met all admissions requirements and is following a plan of courses leading to a B.A.S., A.A., A.S., or A.A.S. degree.

Department – An organizational unit of a college that represents a discipline or series of related disciplines, such as the Department of English and Communications.

Developmental Courses – Courses in reading, English, and mathematics designed to assist students in building a stronger foundation on which to advance to college-level work. Course numbers beginning with a zero (0) indicate a developmental course for which no degree credit can be earned.

Discipline (Academic) – A field of study in which a student may concentrate (e.g., psychology, accounting, biology).

Drop – Procedure students use at specified times to remove a course from their schedule. Students are not obligated to pay tuition and fees for courses that they drop, and these courses do not show on students' transcripts or count as an attempt. Students drop classes themselves via LOIS. Once the drop period has ended, students may exit a course only through the withdrawal process. (See Withdrawals)

Dual Enrollment – A Florida program that allows eligible students from public, private, and recognized home education programs to take college level courses while enrolled in high school, earning both high school and college credit.

Early Admissions – An accelerated full-time dual enrollment program with specific eligibility criteria.

Early College – A dual enrollment program offered at the Villages Charter High School.

eLearning – A department responsible for supporting students and faculty in fully online, hybrid, and technology enhanced courses.

Electives – A broad grouping of courses that meet degree requirements. The A.A. degree requires 24 credit hours of electives; A.S. and A.A.S degrees have fewer or no electives. Choices should be based on the student’s degree program at LSSC as well as courses required for transfer into a specific major.

Enrollment Verification – Verification of current and past term enrollment requested through LOIS.

Exempt Status (Developmental Education) – Status of a student who entered 9th grade in a Florida public school since the 2003-2004 school year and earned a Florida standard high school diploma, or a student who is serving as an active duty member of any branch of the U.S. Armed Services will not be required to complete placement testing and developmental education courses.

Exit Tests – Tests used to move from developmental to college-level classes.

Expulsion – Student status under which a student is permanently barred from attending LSSC.

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) – Also known as the Buckley Amendment, FERPA is a law that protects the privacy of students’ education records and establishes students' rights to challenge the content of educational records.

Fee – A financial charge for courses or services.

First-Time-in-College Student (FTIC) – A term used to define first time college students following the completion of a high school diploma, GED or home education program.

Florida Statutes – A collection of state laws organized by subject area that are created, amended, or repealed on an annual basis.

Floridashines.org – A website providing information about Florida postsecondary institutions; degree programs, prerequisites, and transfer and degree requirements; admissions requirements; financial aid, scholarships, and loans; student academic records (transcripts); assessing interests for potential majors and careers; and researching careers, salaries, and regional job availability.

Freshman – A generic term used for a student who is enrolled with fewer than 30 college-level credits toward a degree.

Full Cost of Instruction – Tuition and fees equivalent to the Florida non-resident cost. (See Third Attempt Rule)

Full-Time Status – Enrollment in 12 or more credit hours in fall, spring and summer AE; six or more credit hours in Summer A or B.

Fully Online – A course, generally offered in Canvas that may include publisher materials selected by the instructor, in which all or most of the assignments are completed online. The fully online class may meet in-person less than 20% of the total course hours. Note: Additional fees apply.

General Education Courses – Basic liberal arts courses required as the foundation of the university parallel A.A. degree. Some General Education courses are also required in the B.A.S., B.S., A.S., and A.A.S. degree programs.

Gordon Rule – A Florida Rule (6A-10.030) requiring that all A.A. or bachelor’s degree students earn a “C” or higher in prescribed writing and mathematics coursework before completing an LSSC degree and prior to entering upper level courses.

Governing Catalog – The catalog in effect at the time of a student’s initial enrollment in associate or bachelor's degree credit courses. This catalog determines graduation requirements provided the student has maintained continuous enrollment and completes the requirements within 6 years.

GPA (Grade Point Average) – A measure of the student’s academic standing. GPA is calculated by the total quality points earned for college level courses taken at LSSC and transfer institutions divided by total attempted credit hours.

Grade – Alphabetical measures of academic success.

Grade Forgiveness – A grade of “D” or “F” earned in the first attempt in a course is replaced by the grade earned in the next attempt. The initial grade will always remain on the student’s transcript but is not calculated in the LSSC GPA.

Graduation Application – The application that students must submit via their LOIS account in order for LSSC to award a degree.

Grievance – A written claim by a student alleging improper, unfair, arbitrary, or discriminatory action involving the application of a specific LSSC Board Rule or LSSC Administrative Procedure.

Hold – A block on student access to transcripts, grades, diploma, or registration because of financial or other outstanding obligations to LSSC.

Hybrid, Mixed Course – A course with reduced seat time where a student does not always physically attend class with a faculty member at a campus: More than 30%, but less than 79% of work is done through the Canvas learning system online. It may include publisher materials selected by the instructor.

Incomplete Grade – Grade (I) is given only when the student has been in attendance, has done satisfactory work for the majority of the current semester, and has furnished proof to the instructor that the work cannot be completed because of circumstances beyond the student's control. Students who do not finish the required work and submit it for a letter grade by the designated deadline will automatically receive an "IF" (Incomplete/Failure) grade in the course.

Initial Attendance Verification –  Financial Aid and VA benefits may be negatively impacted if a student is reported as not-attending class during designated attendance verification periods by LSSC faculty.

Independent Study – An opportunity for students to earn college credit through non-classroom student-faculty interaction and course content. Special permission is required.

Junior – A generic term used for a student who has completed between 60-89 college-level credits toward a degree.

Limited Access Program – An academic program to which admission is limited to students who have met specific course, grade, test score, or other designated requirements.

LINCCWeb – The Library Information Network for Community Colleges, www.linccweb.org, is the website which provides the catalog for LSSC libraries. It is available from any internet- capable computer.

LOIS (LSSC Online Interactive Services) – LSSC students’ access to course registration, grades, financial aid information, and academic records.

Meta-Major – A set of broad content areas that students choose upon enrollment that includes a set of courses that meet academic requirements that are common across several disciplines and specific programs of study.

Modularized – A course format that targets students’ areas of difficulty and produces an individual learning path for each student based on diagnostic testing.

New Student Orientation (NSO) – A required pre-registration program that provides necessary information and academic advising for first-time-in-college and dual enrollment students. LSSC’s new student orientation program is “SOAR- Student Orientation, Advising and Registration”.

Non-Credit – A course for which college credit is not granted.

Non-Degree Seeking Students – Students taking courses for personal enrichment, teacher certification, or job enhancement but not working on completing requirements for a specific degree.

Non-Exempt Status (Developmental Education) – Status of students who do not meet the exemption criteria will follow LSSC’s established placement testing and developmental education requirements. (See “Exempt Status”)

Non-transferable Course: A course that provides the student training in discipline-specific skills as part of a program not intended for transfer to a related baccalaureate degree or a course for which a student receives articulated credit for demonstration of technical skills. These courses may not be transferred to the Associate in Arts (AA) degree within the institution. Some institutions may choose to articulate a course designated by LSSC as non-transferable. This would be left to the discretion of the receiving institution.

Non-transferable Program: An academic program designated as an Associate in Applied Science or a certificate program aligned to an Associate in Applied Science program. This type of program is typically designed to prepare individuals for direct entry into employment by providing training in discipline-specific skills.

Nursing Information Session – A required assembly of pre-nursing students to be completed prior to submitting the application to the Nursing program.

Office for Students with Disabilities (OSD) – The Office that coordinates services and support for qualified students in their transition to the college and ensures equal access to educational opportunities.

Online Learning – Courses delivered via the Internet for facilitating learning. LSSC instructors use Canvas primarily, though other publisher Internet platforms may be used, (e.g., math instructors use MyMathLab to enhance many of the math classes).

Online Information Resources – Includes books, periodicals, newspapers, government publications, audiovisual materials, web sites, web postings, webcasts, etc. in digital formats that are located via the Internet. To log in and utilize the resources, use your X-ID as the Borrower ID and your six-digit birth date (mmddyy) as the PIN.

Parking Decals – Required for display on all student, faculty, and staff vehicles parked on LSSC property. Decals can be obtained from the Information Desk at each campus. Students are responsible for knowing and abiding by all parking regulations.

Part-Time Status – Students enrolled for fewer than 12 credit hours in fall, spring, or summer AE semester; or fewer than six credit hours in summer A or summer B terms.

PERT – The Postsecondary Education Readiness Test is the specific placement test used at LSSC to determine the appropriate level for non-exempt new students to begin their math, reading, and English coursework.

PIN (Personal Identification Number) – The code required along with the student’s X-ID for access to records, registration, the libraries, and other LSSC services. While the student’s X-ID remains consistent, PINs for services can vary.

Prerequisite – A course or placement test score requirement that must be satisfactorily completed before a related higher- level course can be attempted.

Probation (Academic) – A status given to students who fail to maintain satisfactory academic progress. Probationary students must meet with an academic advisor, and if receiving aid, a Financial Aid staff member.

QEP – A program designed to improve student performance in developmental math classes by embedding college success skills in a collaboratively taught environment.

Quality Points – The value, ranging from 4 – 0, for grades from A – F, for all courses completed and used in the calculation of a student’s GPA.

Regionally Accredited Institution – Colleges and universities accredited by any of the following six regional associations: Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, New England Association of Schools and Colleges, North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities, Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.

Registration – The process of reserving a seat for courses and class meeting days, times, instructors, campuses and formats. Students are responsible for knowing the registration dates each semester, completing their own registration online via LOIS, and paying tuition and fees by the established deadlines.

Residency – To qualify for in-state tuition and fees, students must sign an affidavit and supporting documentation confirming that they have resided in Florida for the 12 consecutive months prior to the start of classes for the semester in which they wish to enroll.

Returning Student – A student who has previously attended LSSC but has not been enrolled at LSSC for 3 semesters or more. Returning students must reapply using the free Admissions Application.

Rubric – A clear, graphic method used by some faculty members to show students how the quality of their work will be graded, often presented in a chart format.

Satisfactory – A grade awarded to students taking a course on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis who successfully fulfill all requirements for that course. Appears on a student’s transcript as an ‘S.’

Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) – specific criteria that must be met in order to retain federal financial aid benefits.

School – A division of a university that typically contains one or several academic departments. A “School” is also sometimes known as a “College.”

Seated Course – A course which requires weekly attendance in a regular classroom at one of the LSSC campuses or Early College program.

Semester – An academic period for which classes meet. Fall and spring semesters are approximately 16 weeks; summer AE semester is approximately 14 weeks; and summer A and B terms are approximately seven weeks each. Mini-terms, or mini-semesters, vary in length.

Senior – A generic term for a student who has completed 90 or more college-level credits toward a degree.

SGA –see “Student Government Association”.

SOAR – see “New Student Orientation”.

Sophomore – A generic term for a student who has completed between 30-59 college-level credits toward a degree.

Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges (SACSCOC) – The accrediting body that guides curriculum requirements and faculty credentials for LSSC degrees, technical certificates, and academic programs.

Standards of Academic Progress – The College’s minimum expectations of academic progress. Academic standings include good standing, probation, continued probation and suspension.

STEM – An acronym for “Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics”.

Student Government Association (SGA) – The official representatives of the student body to the college administration in matters concerning student life.

Student Identification Number – See X-ID.

Suspension – Student status under which a student is not permitted to attend LSSC for a specified period of time.

Technology-Enhanced – Seated courses that meet on campus for all of their scheduled hours and have additional activities (e.g., homework, quizzes, and discussion groups) posted in Canvas or other publisher access for the course.

Term – (See “Semester”).

Third Attempt Rule – Governs the number of times students may attempt courses, developmental as well as college-level, pursuant to Florida statutes. Students are allowed a total of three attempts per course, the third attempt costing the student the full cost of instruction. An attempt includes any time a student stays enrolled in a course beyond the drop period and earns a grade, including “D,” “F,” “W,” “I,” or “U”.

Transcript – A student’s official academic record of courses, grades, and test scores maintained by the LSSC Registrar. Students may view the contents on their transcript in LOIS and may request to have printed or electronic copies sent to other institutions or employers.

Transfer Plan – A guide for A.A. students that includes the common program prerequisites required for their intended major at Florida state universities.

Transfer Student – A student who attended another college or university before attending LSSC.

Transient Student – A student who enrolls in one or more courses at LSSC to apply to academic requirements of another institution, or an LSSC student who enrolls in one or more courses at another institution to apply to degree requirements at LSSC.

Tuition – A fee charged for each credit hour of instruction.

University – An academic organization which grants degrees in a variety of fields. It is composed of a number of “schools” or “colleges,” each of which encompasses a general field of study (e.g., journalism, medicine, agriculture).

Unsatisfactory – A grade awarded to students taking a course on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis who do not successfully fulfill all requirements for that course. Appears on a student’s transcript as a "U".

Withdrawal – A student’s voluntary exit from a course(s). The student’s transcript will reflect a grade of “W,” and this will count as one attempt for each of the courses involved. (See Third Attempt Rule).
*Effective 08/20/2018- Students may officially withdraw from all of their courses via their LOIS account before the published withdrawal deadline. Dual enrollment students and student athletes will not be eligible to withdraw from any of their  courses via LOIS. To withdraw from any course, these students need to complete the Student Course Withdrawal Form and submit it to the appropriate office before the  published withdrawal deadline.

If the withdrawal process is not followed by the deadline, a grade of "F" will be earned by the student. 

Writing Emphasis "Gordon Rule" – A Florida Rule (6A-10.030) requiring that all A.A. or bachelor’s degree students earn a “C” or higher in prescribed writing coursework before completing an LSSC degree and prior to entering upper level courses. 12 semester hours of writing coursework (designated with the GRW code) is required to meet this requirement. 

X-ID – The LSSC identification number assigned by LSSC for every student, faculty, and staff member and used in place of the Social Security Number to help protect the privacy of students and employees. The X-ID begins with an upper-case X, followed by eight digits.